Web Design

Materialize CSS vs Bootstrap: A Comparison

materialize css vs bootstrap

Materialize CSS and Bootstrap are both front-end web frameworks with a focus on typography and device compatibility. They can more accurately be described as below:

By W3Schools:

Bootstrap is a free front-end framework for faster and easier web development. Bootstrap includes HTML and CSS based design templates for typography, forms, buttons, tables, navigation, modals, image carousels and many other, as well as optional JavaScript plugins. Bootstrap also gives you the ability to easily create responsive designs.

By TutorialsPoint:

Materialize is a UI component library created with CSS, JavaScript, and HTML. Materialize UI components help in constructing attractive, consistent, and functional web pages and web apps, while adhering to modern web design principles such as browser portability, device independence, and graceful degradation. It helps in creating faster, beautiful, and responsive websites. It is inspired from Google Material Design.

Materialize CSS was created and designed by Google. There currently is a beta release v0.100.1. Bootstrap, on the other hand, was initially released in August 2011 and its original authors are Mark Otto and Jacob Thornton. The current stable release is v3.3.7

What is similar about Materialize CSS v0.100.1 and Bootstrap v3.3.7?

Other than the fact that they are both front-end web frameworks, a couple of similarities can be drawn. Upon application, the syntax is different even though the frameworks are similar.

  • Both Materialize CSS and Bootstrap have layout components such as containers and the grid system that allows device compatibility and responsiveness. This is, of course, ignoring the difference in implementation.
  • Both frameworks have most components in common, for instance: buttons, forms, carousel, modals, pagination, tabs to name but a few.

The similarities above, among others, make it very it easy for web developers to comfortably switch from one to the other without strain.

What are the differences between Materialize CSS v0.100.1 and Bootstrap v3.3.7?

A couple of differences exist between Materialize CSS and Bootstrap, beginning with the obvious that some components exist in Bootstrap and are not present in Materialize CSS.

  • Implementation of a mobile collapsible navigation is easier in Materialize CSS than it is in Bootstrap
  • CSS components like pulse and shadow are present in Materialize CSS as opposed to Bootstrap.
  • Materialize CSS gives simple implementation for  Javascript components like pushpins, feature discovery, parallax, scrollfires and waves that aren’t present in Bootstrap
  • Materialize CSS comes with its own color palette which is the Google color palette

I have worked with Bootstrap longer than I have Materialize CSS. My opinion is that Materialize CSS is easier to work with. It involves less code and most of the components and features that I normally work with when developing websites are included in Materialize CSS. There isn’t much customization needed when working with Materialize CSS.

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